PERMALITE® Direct Dyes for Cotton

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These dyes offer good value and economy and provide standard light fastness and wet fastness on both cotton and rayon substrates.

PERMALITE direct dyes are suitable for resin finishes and aftertreatments which can further enhance their wet fastness properties.

PERMALITE Flavine 7GFF

PERMALITE Yellow PG

PERMALITE Yellow EFC

PERMALITE Yellow RL

PERMALITE Orange SE 100%

PERMALITE Brown RL

PERMALITE Red 8BLN

PERMALITE Red BWS

PERMALITE Pink B 100%

PERMALITE Fast Violet B 200%

PERMALITE Blue 2RL 100%

PERMALITE Blue 4BL 200%

PERMALITE Turquoise 8GL 100%

PERMALITE Br Green CBM-NB

PERMALITE Black OBC 200%

PERMALITE Black FG 250%

Atmospheric Dyeing System

Prepare, rinse, and neutralize goods as required

  1. Set dyebath at 100°F (38°C)
    add 0.5% wetting agent
    0.5% sequestering agent (if needed)
    (pH must be adjusted to 8.5-9.5 with soda ash when using Direct Black 22)
    (pH can range from 6.0-7.0 with other color combinations)
  2. Circulate 10 minutes. Add PERMALITE Direct Dyes (predissolved at 200°F)
  3. Circulate 10 minutes and heat 2-3°F/minutes to 212°F
  4. Run 15 minutes
    add 1-40 g/l of salt (based on depth of shade)
    add 1/10 of total salt - circulate 10 minutes
    add 3/10 of total salt - circulate 10 minutes
    add 6/10 of total salt - circulate 30 minutes
  5. Cool to 160°F
  6. Sample – if shade is acceptable, drain machine
  7. Refill with cold water at 90°F
  8. Circulate 10 minutes and then drain
  9. Repeat steps 7 and 8 for darker shades
  10. Refill with cold water at 90°F
    add 5.0 g/l salt
  11. Circulate 10 minutes and drain
  12. Refill with cold water at 90°F
  13. Circulate 10 minutes and unload

Salt Recommendations

100% Cotton dyed at 212°F

% Dye
% Salt based on Liquor Ratio
10:1
15:1
20:1
40:1
Up to 0.50
5.0
7.5
10.0
15.0
0.51-1.00
10.0
15.0
20.0
30.0
1.01-1.50
15.0
22.5
30.0
45.0
1.51-2.00
20.0
30.0
40.0
60.0
2.01-3.00
30.0
40.0
40.0
60.0
3.01 - above
40.0
40.0
40.0
60.0

Hosiery Salt Chart

% Dye
% Salt based on Liquor Ratio
20:1
40:1

Up to 0.50

10.0
15.0
0.51-1.00
20.0
30.0
1.01-1.50
30.0
45.0
1.51-2.00
40.0
60.0
2.01 - above
60.0
80.0

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